ISIS Working Group X. Xu
Internet-Draft N. Wu
Intended status: Standards Track Huawei
Expires: November 11, 2017 H. Shah
L. Contreras
Telefonica I+D
May 10, 2017

Advertising Service Functions Using IS-IS


The MPLS source routing mechanism developed by Source Packet Routing in Networking (SPRING) WG can be leveraged to realize a unified source routing instruction which works across both IPv4 and IPv6 underlays in addition to the MPLS underlay. The unified source routing instruction can be used to realize a transport-independent service function chaining by encoding the service function path information or service function chain information as an MPLS label stack. This document describes how to advertise service functions and their corresponding attributes (e.g., service function label) using IS-IS.

Requirements Language

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

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This Internet-Draft will expire on November 11, 2017.

Copyright Notice

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

[I-D.xu-mpls-service-chaining] describes how to leverage the unified source routing instruction [I-D.xu-mpls-unified-source-routing-instruction] to realize a transport-independent service function chaining by encoding the Service Function Path (SFP) or Service Function Chain (SFC) information as an MPLS label stack. To allow a service classifier to attach the MPLS label stack which represents a particular SFP or SFC to the selected traffic, the service classifier needs to know on which Service Function Forwarder (SFF) a given Service Function (SF) is located and what service function label is used to indicate that SF. This document describes how to advertise SFs and their corresponding attributes (e.g., service function label) using IS-IS.

2. Terminology

This memo makes use of the terms defined in [I-D.xu-mpls-service-chaining] and [RFC4971].

3. Solution Description

SFFs within the SFC domain need to advertise each SF they are offering by using a new sub-TLV of the IS-IS Router CAPABILITY TLV [RFC4971]. This new sub-TLV is called as Service Function sub-TLV. The Service Function sub-TLV could appear multiple times wihin a given IS-IS Router CAPABILITY TLV when more than one SF needs to be advertised. The scope of the advertisement depends on the application but it is recommended that it SHOULD be domain-wide. To support the approach of encoding SFP information in the form of an MPLS label stack as described in [I-D.xu-mpls-service-chaining], SFFs SHOULD allocate a locally significant MPLS label to each SF they are offering. Therefore, SFFs need to advertise the corresponding service function label to each SF they are offering by using a sub-TLV of the above Service Function sub-TLV, called SF Label sub-TLV.

3.1. Service Function Sub-TLV

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     |   Type=TBD1   |    Length     |
     |                  Service Function Identifier                  |
     ~                          Sub-TLVs                             ~

3.2. SF Label Sub-TLV

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
     |   Type=TBD2   |    Length     |
     |  Resv |                  SF Label             |

4. Acknowledgements


5. IANA Considerations

This document includes a request to IANA for allocating type codes for the Service Function sub-TLV and the SF Label sub-TLV.

6. Security Considerations

This document does not introduce any new security risk.

7. References

7.1. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997.
[RFC4971] Vasseur, JP., Shen, N. and R. Aggarwal, "Intermediate System to Intermediate System (IS-IS) Extensions for Advertising Router Information", RFC 4971, DOI 10.17487/RFC4971, July 2007.

7.2. Informative References

[I-D.ietf-sfc-architecture] Halpern, J. and C. Pignataro, "Service Function Chaining (SFC) Architecture", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-sfc-architecture-11, July 2015.
[I-D.xu-mpls-service-chaining] Xu, X., Bryant, S., Assarpour, H., Shah, H., Contreras, L. and d., "Service Chaining using MPLS Source Routing", Internet-Draft draft-xu-mpls-service-chaining-00, October 2016.
[I-D.xu-mpls-unified-source-routing-instruction] Xu, X., Bryant, S., Raszuk, R., Chunduri, U., Contreras, L., Jalil, L. and H. Assarpour, "Unified Source Routing Instruction using MPLS Label Stack", Internet-Draft draft-xu-mpls-unified-source-routing-instruction-00, March 2017.

Authors' Addresses

Xiaohu Xu Huawei EMail:
Nan Wu Huawei EMail:
Himanshu Shah Ciena EMail:
Luis M. Contreras Telefonica I+D Ronda de la Comunicacion, s/n Sur-3 building, 3rd floor Madrid,, 28050 Spain EMail: URI: