Network Working Group J. Levine
Internet-Draft Taughannock Networks
Intended status: Standards Track P. Vixie
Expires: November 21, 2017 May 20, 2017

An Extension Language for the DNS


Adding new RRTYPEs to the DNS has required that DNS servers and provisioning software be upgraded to support each new RRTYPE in Master files. This document defines a DNS extension language intended to allow most new RRTYPEs to be supported by adding entries to configuration data read by the DNS software, with no software changes needed for each RRTYPE.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at

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This Internet-Draft will expire on November 21, 2017.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

The Domain Name System[RFC1034] [RFC1035] is designed to be extensible, with new record types, known as RRTYPEs, added as needed. While it is straightforward in principle to add a new RRTYPE, in practice it can be difficult due to the software changes needed to add the new RRTYPE to the master file format read by many authoritative DNS servers, and to the provisioning software used to create and update the master files or the local equivalent.

While some new RRTYPEs, notably those for DNSSEC [RFC4033], require that DNS servers do new special purpose processing, most new RRTYPEs are, from the point of view of the DNS, just static data to return to queries, perhaps with some additional section records if the record includes another domain name. This document defines an extension language to describe any RRTYPEs, so that provisioning software can parse master file records for the RRTYPEs. DNS servers can use the extension language to implement RRTYPEs that do not require special purpose processing.

2. Typical usage

The extension language is written as strings of UTF-8 text that describe new RR types, intended to be stored in the DNS itself. (They may also be stored in a local file with a well-known name, for debugging and local overrides, but this usage is optional.) All of the DNS software that needs to handle master file records fetches records from the DNS as needed. To support a new RRTYPE, one would add suitable records to the DNS zone where the descriptions are located, or to the local file.

DNS servers can use the extension language to parse new RRTYPE records in master files, and to translate them to the binary representation. Servers that create ASCII master files from zone data retrieved via AXFR can use the extension language to create master file records for new RRTYPEs.

Provisioning software can use the extension language to create templates for users to fill in, to create new RRTYPE records in master files to be passed to DNS servers, and to syntax check records entered by users. The extension language includes natural language field descriptions intended to be used as prompts in fill-in templates, and can handle versions of prompts in multiple languages.

Provisioning software could create TYPEnn master records if the local DNS server doesn't implement the extension language, although it would be less confusing if both provisioning and server software both accept the same master record syntax.

Some DNS servers store records in ways other than master files, such as SQL databases. The extension language could be used to create new schema entries to handle new RRTYPEs, although the details are too specific to particular varieties of DNS server software for this document to try to describe the details.

The extension language can describe all existing RRTYPEs, which may be useful in table driven provisioning software.

3. Extension language syntax

3.1. Lexical structure

The extension language consists of "stanzas", each of which defines an RRTYPE. In the DNS, a stanza is stored as a multi-string TXT record, with each string conceptually being a line in the stanza. In a file, it is stored as a series of lines. The first line of a stanza defines the symbolic RRTYPE name. Subsequent lines, which must start with white space, each define a field in the record. Blank lines and comment lines where the first nonblank character is "#" are ignored.

The following ABNF imports ALPHA, DIGIT, and WSP from [RFC5234].

ldh = ALPHA 0*(ALPHA | DIGIT | "-")

dnsextfile = 1*stanza

stanza = rrtypeline 1*fieldline

rrtypeline = ldh ":" 1*DIGIT 0*1(":" 1*ALPHA) 0*1(WSP freetext)

fieldline = ftype 0*1qualifiers 0*1(":" ldh ) 0*1(WSP freetext)

ftype = "I1" | "I2" | "I4" | "A" | "AA" | "AAAA" | "N" | "S" |
  "B32" | "B64" | "X" | "EUI48" | "EUI64" | "T" | "Z"

qualifiers = "[" qual 0*(, qual) "]"

qual = ldh "=" 1*DIGIT | "C" | "A" | "L" | "M" | "X" | "P" |
   "WKS" | "NSAP" | "NXT" | "A6P" | "A6S" | "APL" | "IPSECKEY" |

freetext = 0*(%x20-%xfe)

3.2. Storage in the DNS

Each extension language stanza stored in the DNS is stored as two identical TXT records, one with a name based on the numeric RR type, one with a name based on the text name. (One record may be aliased to the other using a CNAME.) The numeric names are located at RRTYPE.ARPA, and the text names are located at RRNAME.ARPA.

The first string in the TXT record are the identification tag "RRTYPE=1" to identify the record as an RRTYPE definition. Each line of the stanza is a string in the TXT records. The leading spaces used in the file format (described below) are not used. The record name may also have a language tag [RFC5646] prefix that identifies the language in which the descriptive text is written. There should always be an unprefixed record for each type, to be the default if there is no record in the desired languge, which might be aliased to a prefixed record with CNAME.

For example, if the FOO record type were type 999, the two records for an English language description would be:

999.RRTYPE.ARPA. TXT "RRTYPE=1" "FOO:999 Foo record" "I2:count Count" "..."
FOO.RRNAME.ARPA. TXT "RRTYPE=1" "FOO:999 Foo record" "I2:count Count" "..."

If there are descriptions in multiple languages, they are stored with name prefixes, and applications can choose the most suitable one.

EN.999.RRTYPE.ARPA. TXT "RRTYPE=1" "FOO:999 Foo record" "I2:count Count" "..."
FR.999.RRTYPE.ARPA. TXT "RRTYPE=1" "FOO:999 Dossier foo" "I2:count Compte" "..."
EN.FOO.RRNAME.ARPA. TXT "RRTYPE=1" "FOO:999 Foo record" "I2:count Count" "..."
FR.FOO.RRNAME.ARPA. TXT "RRTYPE=1" "FOO:999 Dossier foo" "I2:count Compte" "..."

3.2.1. Record type directory

A directory of all of the available RR names is stored at _LIST.RRTYPE.ARPA. It is a TXT record containing RRTYPE=1 followed by each name as a separate string, e.g.:

_LIST.RRNAME.ARPA. TXT "RRTYPE=1" "A" "A6" ... "WKS" "X25"

3.3. Storage in a file

All the extension language stanzas stored in a file are stored as lines of ASCII text. The name of the RR type starts in the first position of the first line in the stanza. Subsequent lines in the stanza start with white space. A line that is blank or where the first nonblank character is a # is a comment and is ignored.

Descriptions in different languages are stored in separate files. A directory of names can be created by scanning the file.

3.4. Stanza structure

Each stanza starts with a line containing the name of the RRTYPE, a colon, and the numeric RRTYPE. The name of the RRTYPE must start in the first position on the line. When stored in a file, the RRTYPE name should not be the same as an existing RRTYPE or DNS class name (IN or CH) or bad things will happen.

The RRTYPE may be followed a colon and letters, to indicate options for the RRTYPE. The letter is "X" means that implementing the RRTYPE requires extra processing by DNS servers, e.g., the extra processing for DNAME or DNSSEC records. The intention of the option is to allow DNS servers to report an error if a zone contains a record defined with "X" for which the server does not implement the extra processing. The letters "I" and "A" mean that the RRTYPE is defined in the IN class only, or in any class, respectively. The letters "O" and "E" indicate that the type is obsolete or experimental, respectively.

That can be followed by white space and a descriptive comment intended to be displayed to human users, but not interpreted by DNS software. Provisioning software might use the comments as prompts or labels to help a user select the desired RRTYPE.

The rest of the lines in the stanza describe the fields in the record. Each field is one or more octets long, and fields are stored sequentially in the record:

 FOO:999 Foo record
    field description
    field:tag description
    field[qual,qual] description
    field[qual,qual]:tag description
    field ...

Some fields may be followed by a comma-separated list of qualifiers in square brackets. The qualifiers further define the field, e.g., in a numeric field, the qualifiers may define symbolic names for field values or bit masks. That can be followed by an colon and an ldh string. The string is intended to be used as the name of the field in software applications that create data structures for an RRTYPE. Applications will often have to change the punctuation to match the syntax of the programming language, such as replacing hyphens with underscores. If two fields in an RRTYPE have the same name, the result is undefined.

The field and optional qualifiers and name may be followed by white space and a description of the field. The description is intended to be displayed to human users, and is not interpreted by DNS software. Provisioning software might use the comments as prompts or labels for templates into which users enter RR data.

3.5. Field types

Each field type is defined by a token name consisting of letters and digits, starting with a letter.

3.5.1. Integer fields

Integer fields are defined by I1, I2, and I4 tokens, for fields one, two, or four octets long. The corresponding value in a master record is an unsigned integer number. A field may be followed by qualifiers defining symbolic field values.

A symbolic field value is represented as NAME=NN where NAME is the symbol and NN is the numeric value to be placed in the field. The corresponding value in a master record is the symbol. The symbol can contain letters, digits, and hypens. For example, to define the type field in a CERT record [RFC4398]:

    IACPKIX=8,URI=253,OID=254]:type Certificate type

RRTYPE fields are defined by R tokens, for a two octet field containing an RRTYPE. The corresponding value in a master record is a symbolic RRTYPE or TYPEnnn for types without names. A R[L] token and qualifier defines a structured bitmap of RRTYPEs used in NSEC and NSEC3 records, which must be the last field in the record. The corresponding value in a master record is a list of RRTYPEs.

3.5.2. IP address and partial address fields

IP address fields are defined by A or AAAA tokens, for four-octet IPv4 addresses or 16-octet IPv6 addresses. The corresponding value in a master record is an IP address written in the usual way. There are no qualifiers.

The AA token defines a 64 bit field written like half of an IPv6 address, with up to four colon separated groups of up to four hex digits.

3.5.3. Domain name fields

Domain name fields are defined by N tokens. The qualifier C means the name is compressed. The qualifier A means that the domain name represents a mailbox, with the first component being the local part of the mailbox. The qualifier L means that the domain name is converted to lower case before DNSSEC validation. An N tag and an O qualifier, which can only appear as the last field in a record, means the name is optional.

The corresponding value in a master record is a domain name, written in the usual way, with \. meaning a literal dot in a record.

Names are absolute if they end with a dot, otherwise relative to $ORIGIN, the convention for master files.

3.5.4. String fields

String fields are defined by S tokens. A plain S token means a single string preceded by a one-octet length. A S[M] token and qualifier means that there may be multiple strings, each stored as a length and string in the record. A S[M] field must be the last field in the record.

An S[X] token and qualifier is a raw string, stored without any length bytes. It must be the last field in the record.

The corresponding value in a master record is a string enclosed in single or double quotes, or multiple strings if the M qualifier is present. Embedded quotes may be escaped with a backslash, and a double backslash represents a backslash. If a non-null string contains no white space, quote characters, or backslashes, the quotes may be omitted.

3.5.5. Base-32 and Base-64 fields

A base32 or base64 field is defined by a B32 or B64 token. A base32 field is stored in the record with a preceding one-octet length. A base64 field is stored as binary data must be the last field in the record.

The corresponding value in a master record is a string represented as base32 or base64 [RFC3548]. The value of a base64 field may include embedded spaces for readability, which are ignored.

3.5.6. Hex fields

A hex field is defined by an X token. A plain X field is binary data. An X[C] token and qualifier means that the field is stored in the record as a string with a preceding one-octet length. An unqualified hex field must be the last field in the record, and may include embedded spaces for readability, which are ignored.

The corresponding value in a master record is a string represented as an even number of hexadecimal digits.

EUI48 and EUI64 fields are defined by X6 and X8 tokens, respectively. The corresponding fields in master records are six or eight pairs of hex digits separated by hyphens.

3.5.7. Time stamp fields

A 32-bit timestamp field is defined by a T token. The corresponding value in a master record is a fourteen digit value in the form YYYYMMDDHHmmSS indicating a UTC timestamp, or as an unsigned number of seconds with ten digits or less. The field is stored in the record as a Unix timestamp, the unsigned number of seconds since January 1, 1970 00:00:00 UTC.

3.5.8. Miscellaneous fields

Some RRTYPEs have fields with a unique syntax, represented as qualifiers in a Z field.

Z[WKS] is the bitmap of port numbers in the WKS [RFC1035] RRTYPE.

Z[NSAP] is the special hex syntax for the address in the NSAP [RFC1706] RRTYPE.

Z[NXT] is the bitmap of RRTYPES in the NXT [RFC2535] RRTYPE.

Z[A6P] and Z[A6S] are the prefix length and the variable length address suffix in the A6 [RFC2874] RRTYPE.

Z[APL] is the list of address prefixes in the APL [RFC3123] RRTYPE.

Z[IPSECKEY] is the variable format gateway in the IPSECKEY [RFC4025] RRTYPE.

Z[HIPHIT] and Z[HIPPK] are the hex HIT and base64 PK fields with detached implicit lengths in the HIP [RFC5205] RRTYPE.

4. Examples

If a DNS server didn't already have support for MX records, they could be defined as:

 MX:15 Mail exchanger
   I2:priority Priority (lower values are higher priority)
   N[A,C]:exchanger Host name

The name is MX, the RRTYPE is 15, and the data includes a two-octet number and a compressed domain name, with additional section records for the domain name.

The SRV record [RFC2782] could be defined as:

 SRV:33 Service location
   I2:priority Priority
   I2:weight Weight
   I2:port Port
   N:target Target host name

The name is SRV, the RRTYPE is 33. The record contains three two-octet fields for the priority, weight, and port, and a domain name. The domain name is not compressed.

5. Security considerations

The extension language makes it possible to create master files that represent arbitrary DNS records. Since most DNS servers already provide ways to represent arbitrary data, this doesn't introduce any new security issues to the DNS and DNS servers, although it may create security issues in provisioning software if the provisioning system is intended to limit the kinds of records its users can define.

Extension language files with accidentally or deliberately invalid field definitions could provoke odd bugs in server or provisioning software that doesn't check the syntax before using it.

When extension language data are imported from the DNS, a hostile party might use DNS spoofing techniques to modify the records imported. Methods to defend against DNS spoofing include DNSSEC.

6. IANA considerations

This document requests that IANA create the RRTYPE.ARPA and RRNAME.ARPA zones. Their initial contents are as follows: [ list of description of existing RRs here ]

When new RR types are defined, the defining documents SHOULD request IANA to add appropriate records to RRTYPE.ARPA and RRNAME.ARPA.

This document requests that IANA create a registry of DNS Extension Language Field Types. Its initial contents are as follows

DNS Extension Language Field Types Registry Initial Values
I1 (this document) 1
I2 (this document) 1
I4 (this document) 1
A (this document) 1
AA (this document) 1
AAAA (this document) 1
N (this document) 1
S (this document) 1
B32 (this document) 1
B64 (this document) 1
X (this document) 1
EUI48 (this document) 1
EUI64 (this document) 1
T (this document) 1
Z (this document) 1

7. References

7.1. References - Normative

[RFC1034] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - concepts and facilities", STD 13, RFC 1034, DOI 10.17487/RFC1034, November 1987.
[RFC1035] Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - implementation and specification", STD 13, RFC 1035, DOI 10.17487/RFC1035, November 1987.
[RFC3548] Josefsson, S., "The Base16, Base32, and Base64 Data Encodings", RFC 3548, DOI 10.17487/RFC3548, July 2003.
[RFC5234] Crocker, D. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234, DOI 10.17487/RFC5234, January 2008.
[RFC5646] Phillips, A. and M. Davis, "Tags for Identifying Languages", BCP 47, RFC 5646, DOI 10.17487/RFC5646, September 2009.

7.2. References - Informative

[RFC1706] Manning, B. and R. Colella, "DNS NSAP Resource Records", RFC 1706, DOI 10.17487/RFC1706, October 1994.
[RFC2535] Eastlake 3rd, D., "Domain Name System Security Extensions", RFC 2535, DOI 10.17487/RFC2535, March 1999.
[RFC2782] Gulbrandsen, A., Vixie, P. and L. Esibov, "A DNS RR for specifying the location of services (DNS SRV)", RFC 2782, DOI 10.17487/RFC2782, February 2000.
[RFC2874] Crawford, M. and C. Huitema, "DNS Extensions to Support IPv6 Address Aggregation and Renumbering", RFC 2874, DOI 10.17487/RFC2874, July 2000.
[RFC3123] Koch, P., "A DNS RR Type for Lists of Address Prefixes (APL RR)", RFC 3123, DOI 10.17487/RFC3123, June 2001.
[RFC4025] Richardson, M., "A Method for Storing IPsec Keying Material in DNS", RFC 4025, DOI 10.17487/RFC4025, March 2005.
[RFC4033] Arends, R., Austein, R., Larson, M., Massey, D. and S. Rose, "DNS Security Introduction and Requirements", RFC 4033, DOI 10.17487/RFC4033, March 2005.
[RFC4398] Josefsson, S., "Storing Certificates in the Domain Name System (DNS)", RFC 4398, DOI 10.17487/RFC4398, March 2006.
[RFC5205] Nikander, P. and J. Laganier, "Host Identity Protocol (HIP) Domain Name System (DNS) Extensions", RFC 5205, DOI 10.17487/RFC5205, April 2008.

Appendix A. Change Log

NOTE TO RFC EDITOR: This section may be removed upon publication of this document as an RFC.

A.1. Changes from -10 to -11

Put language back in the name. Add _LIST directory. Add O and E hints.

A.2. Changes from -09 to -10

Add hint letters for RRTYPE classes.

A.3. Changes from -08 to -09

Add Z fields for rrtype-specific fields. Redid qualifier descriptions.

Add definitions of RRTYPEs.

A.4. Changes from -07 to -08

Add counted hex and raw strings and other new types. Added language tags. Added field names.

A.5. Changes from -06 to -07

Add RRTYPE=1 tag in TXT records.

Allow digits and hyphens in qualifier tags, for names like SHA-1.

A.6. Changes from -05 to -06

Fix formatting problems.

Add RRTYPE option "X".

A.7. Changes from -04 to -05

DNS publication in RRYPE.ARPA and RRNAME.ARPA.

A.8. Changes from -03 to -04

More use cases.

Fix up BNF

A.9. Changes from -02 to -03

First stab at BNF

Note $ORIGIN matters

A.10. Changes from -01 to -02

Editorial nits

A.11. Changes from -00 to -01

Switch to multi-line format. Add comments for provisioning.

Appendix B. Descriptions of currently defined RRTYPEs

Here are descriptions of currently RRTYPEs that can appear in zone files. The \ indicating continuation lines are only for display in this document and would not appear in the descriptions.

A:1:I a host address [RFC1035]
   A:addr IPv4 address

NS:2:A an authoritative name server [RFC1035]
   N[C]:host Host name

MD:3:AO a mail destination (OBSOLETE - use MX) [RFC1035]
   N[C]:host Host name

MF:4:AO a mail forwarder (OBSOLETE - use MX) [RFC1035]
   N[C]:host Host name

CNAME:5:A the canonical name for an alias [RFC1035]
   N[C]:host Host name

SOA:6:A marks the start of a zone of authority [RFC1035]
   N[C]:primary Primary server name
   N[A]:mailbox Responsible mailbox
   I4:serial Serial number
   I4:refresh Refresh time (seconds)
   I4:retry Retry time (seconds)
   I4:expire Expire time (seconds)
   I4:minimum Minium time (seconds)

MB:7:AE a mailbox domain name (EXPERIMENTAL) [RFC1035]
   N[C]:host Host name

MG:8:AE a mail group member (EXPERIMENTAL) [RFC1035]
   N[A]:mailbox Mailbox name

MR:9:AE a mail rename domain name (EXPERIMENTAL) [RFC1035]
   N[A]:mailbox Mailbox name

WKS:11:I a well known service description [RFC1035]
   A IPv4 address
   I1 Protocol number
   Z[WKS]:bitmap Bit Map

PTR:12:A a domain name pointer [RFC1035]
   N[C]:host Host name

HINFO:13:A host information [RFC1035]
   S:cpu CPU type
   S:os Operating system

MINFO:14:A mailbox or mail list information [RFC1035]
   N[A]:respbox Responsible mailbox
   N[A]:errbox Error mailbox

MX:15:A mail exchange [RFC1035]
   I2:priority Priority (lower values are higher priority)
   N[C]:hostname Host name

TXT:16:A text strings [RFC1035]
   S[M]:text Strings

RP:17:A for Responsible Person [RFC1183]
   N[A]:mailbox Mailbox
   N:text Text location

AFSDB:18:A for AFS Data Base location [RFC1183][RFC5864]
    I2:subtype Subtype
    N:hostname Hostname

X25:19:A for X.25 PSDN address [RFC1183]
   S:address PSDN address

ISDN:20:A for ISDN address [RFC1183]
   S[M]:address ISDN address, and optional subaddress

RT:21:A for Route Through [RFC1183]
   I2:preference Preference
   N:hostname Intermediate host

NSAP:22:I for NSAP address, NSAP style A record [RFC1706]
   Z[NSAP]:address NSAP Address 

NSAP-PTR:23:I for domain name pointer, NSAP style [RFC1348][RFC1637]
   N:hostname Host name

SIG:24:A for security signature [RFC4034]
   I2:sigtype Type covered
   I1:algorithm Algorithm
   I1:labels Labels
   I4:ttl Original TTL
   T:expires Signature expiration time
   T:signed Time signed
   I2:footprint Key footprint
   N[C]:name Signer's name
   B64:signature Signature data

KEY:25:A for security key [RFC4034]
   I2:flags Flags
   I1:protocol Protocol
   I1:algorithm Algorithm
   B64:data Key data

PX:26:I X.400 mail mapping information [RFC2163]
   I2:pref Preference
   N:idomain Internet mail domain
   N:xdomain X.400 mail domain

GPOS:27:A Geographical Position [RFC1712]
   S:longitude Longitude (decimal degrees)
   S:latitude Latitude (decimal degrees)
   S:altitude Altitude (meters)

AAAA:28:I IP6 Address [RFC3596]
   AAAA:address Address

LOC:29:A Location Information [RFC1876]
   I1:version Version
   I1:sphere Sphere size
   I2:hprecision Horiz precision
   I2:vprecision Vert precision
   I4:latitude Latitude (offset milliseconds)
   I4:longitude Longitude (offset milliseconds)
   I4:altitude Altitude (offset cm)

NXT:30:AO Next Domain (OBSOLETE) [RFC3755][RFC2535]
   N[C]:next Domain
   Z[NXT]:rrtypes Bitmap of rrtypes

SRV:33:I Server Selection [1][RFC2782]
   I2:priority Priority
   I2:weight Weight
   I2:port Port
   N:target Target host name

NAPTR:35:I Naming Authority Pointer [RFC2915][RFC2168][RFC3403]
   I2:order Order
   I2:pref Preference
   S:flags Flags
   S:services Services
   S:regex Regular expression
   N:replacement Replacement

KX:36:I Key Exchanger [RFC2230]
   I2:pref Preference
   N:exchanger Exchanger

CERT:37:A CERT [RFC4398]
    URI=253,OID=254]:type Type
   I2:tag Key tag
    PRIVATEOID=254]:algorithm Algorithm
   B64:certificate Certificate or CRL

A6:38:IO A6 (OBSOLETE - use AAAA) [RFC3226][RFC2874][RFC6563]
   Z[A6P]:preflen Prefix length
   Z[A6S]:suffix Address suffix
   N:prefname Prefix name

   N:source Source name

APL:42:I APL [RFC3123]
   Z[APL]:prefixes Prefixes

DS:43:A Delegation Signer [RFC4034][RFC3658]
   I2:keytag Key tag
    PRIVATEOID=254]:algorithm Algorithm
   I1[SHA-1=1,SHA-256=2,GOST=3,SHA-384=4]:digtype Digest type
   X:digest Digest

SSHFP:44:A SSH Key Fingerprint [RFC4255]
  I1:algorithm Algorithm
  I1:ftype Fingerprint type
  X:fingerprint Fingerprint

   I1:prec Precedence
   I1:gtype Gateway type
   I1:algorithm Algorithm
   Z[IPSECKEY]:gateway Gateway
   B64:key Public key

RRSIG:46:A RRSIG [RFC4034][RFC3755]
   R:rrtype Type covered (Type mnemonic)
    PRIVATEOID=254]:algorithm Algorithm
   I1:labels Labels
   I4:origttl Original TTL
   T:expire Signature expiration (timestamp)
   T:inception Signature inception (timestamp)
   I2:keytag Key tag
   N:signer Signer's name
   B64:signature Signature

NSEC:47:A NSEC [RFC4034][RFC3755]
   N:next Next domain name
   R[L]:types Type bitmaps (as window blocks)

   I2:flags Flags
   I1:protocol Protocol (must be 3)
    PRIVATEOID=254]:algorithm Algorithm
   B64:publickey Public key

   B64:dhcpinfo DHCP information

NSEC3:50:A NSEC3 [RFC5155]
   I1[SHA-1=1]:algorithm Hash algorithm
   I1[OPTOUT=1]:flags Flags
   I2:iterations Iterations
   X[C]:salt Salt
   B32:next Next hashed owner
   R[L]:types Type bitmaps (as window blocks)

   I1[SHA-1=1]:algorithm Hash algorithm
   I1[OPTOUT=1]:flags Flags
   I2:iterations Iterations
   X[C]:salt Salt

TLSA:52:A TLSA [RFC6698]
   I1:usage Certificate usage
   I1:selector Certificate selector
   I1:mtype Matching Type
   X:cert Certificate association data

SMIMEA:53:A S/MIME cert association [draft-ietf-dane-smime]
   I1:usage Certificate usage
   I1:selector Certificate selector
   I1:mtype Matching Type
   X:cert Certificate association data

HIP:55:A Host Identity Protocol [RFC-ietf-hip-rfc5205-bis-10]
   I1:pkalg PK algorithm
   Z[HIPHIT]:hit HIT
   Z[HIPPK]:pubkey Public Key
   N[O]:servers Rendezvous servers

CDS:59:A Child DS [RFC7344]
   I2:keytag Key tag
    PRIVATEDNS=253,PRIVATEOID=254]:algorithm Algorithm
   I1[SHA-1=1,SHA-256=2,GOST=3,SHA-384=4]:digtype Digest type
   X:digest Digest

CDNSKEY:60:A DNSKEY(s) the Child wants reflected in DS [RFC7344]
   I2:flags Flags
   I1:protocol Protocol (must be 3)
    PRIVATEOID=254]:algorithm Algorithm
   B64:publickey Public key

   B64:key PGP key

CSYNC:62:A Child-To-Parent Synchronization [RFC7477]
   I4:serial SOA serial
   I2:flags Flags

SPF:99:AO  [RFC7208]
  S[M]:text SPF data

NID:104:A  [RFC6742]
   I2:preference Preference
   AA:nodeid Node ID

L32:105:A  [RFC6742]
   I2:preference Preference
   A:locator Locator32

L64:106:A  [RFC6742]
   I2:preference Preference
   AA:locator Locator64

LP:107:A  [RFC6742]
   I2:preference Preference
   N:pointer Pointer

EUI48:108:A an EUI-48 address [RFC7043]
   X6:address Address (digit pairs separated by hyphens)

EUI64:109:A an EUI-64 address [RFC7043]
   X8:address Address (digit pairs separated by hyphens)

URI:256:A URI [RFC7553]
   I2:priority Priority
   I2:weight Weight
   S[X]:target Target

CAA:257:A Certification Authority Restriction [RFC6844]
   I1:flags Flags
   S:tag Tag
   S[X]:value Value

DLV:32769:A DNSSEC Lookaside Validation [RFC4431]
   I2:key Key tag
    PRIVATEOID=254]:algorithm Algorithm
   I1:type Digest type
   X:digest Digest


Authors' Addresses

John Levine Taughannock Networks PO Box 727 Trumansburg, NY 14886 Phone: +1 831 480 2300 EMail: URI:
Paul Vixie 950 Charter Street Redwood City, CA EMail: