Network Working Group T. King
Internet-Draft D. Kopp
Intended status: Standards Track DE-CIX
Expires: October 28, 2016 A. Lambrianidis
AMS-IX
A. Fenioux
France-IX
April 26, 2016

Signaling Prefix Origin Validation Results from a Route-Server to Peers
draft-kklf-sidr-route-server-rpki-light-01

Abstract

This document defines the usage of the BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community [I-D.ietf-sidr-origin-validation-signaling] to signal prefix origin validation results from a route-server to its peers. Upon reception of prefix origin validation results peers can use this information in their local routing decision process.

Requirements Language

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119] only when they appear in all upper case. They may also appear in lower or mixed case as English words, without normative meaning.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

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This Internet-Draft will expire on October 28, 2016.

Copyright Notice

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

RPKI-based route origin validation [RFC6480] can be a significant operational burden for BGP peers to implement and adopt. In order to boost acceptance and usage of RPKI and ultimately increase the security of the Internet routing system, IXPs may provide RPKI-based prefix origin validation at the route-server [I-D.ietf-idr-ix-bgp-route-server]. The result of this route origin validation is signaled to peers by using the BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community as introduced in [I-D.ietf-sidr-origin-validation-signaling].

Peers receiving the route origin validation result from the route-server(s) can use this information in their local routing decision process for acceptance, rejection, preference, or other traffic engineering purposes of a particular route.

2. Signaling Prefix Origin Validation Results from a Route-Server to Peers

The BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community (as defined in [I-D.ietf-sidr-origin-validation-signaling]) is utilized for signaling prefix origin validation result from a route-server to peers.

[I-D.ietf-sidr-origin-validation-signaling] proposes an encoding of the prefix origin validation result [RFC6811] as follows:

Value Meaning
0 Valid
1 Not found
2 Invalid

This encoding is re-used. Route-servers providing RPKI-based origin origin validation set the validation state according to the prefix origin validation result (see [RFC6811]).

3. Operational Recommendations

3.1. Local Routing Decision Process

A peer receiving prefix origin validation result from the route server MAY use the information in its own local routing decision process. The local routing decision process SHOULD apply to the rules as described in section 5 [RFC6811].

A peer receiving a prefix origin validation result from the route server MAY redistribute this information within its own AS.

3.2. Route-Server Receiving the BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community

An IXP route-server receiving routes from its peers containing the BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community MUST remove the extended community before the route is re-distributed to its peers. This is required regardless of whether the route-server is executing prefix origin validation or not.

Failure to do so would allow opportunistic peers to advertise routes tagged with arbitrary prefix origin validation results via a route-server, influencing maliciously the decision process of other route-server peers.

3.3. Error Handling at Peers

A route sent by a route-server SHOULD only contain none or one BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community.

A peer receiving a route from a route-server containing more than one BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community SHOULD only consider the largest value (as described in Table 1) in the validation result field and disregard the other values. Values larger than two in the validation result field MUST be disregarded.

4. IANA Considerations

None.

5. Security Considerations

A route-server could be misused to spread malicious prefix origin validation results. However, peers have to trust the route-server anyway as it collects and redistributes BGP routing information to other peers.

The introduction of a mechanisms described in this document does not pose a new class of attack vectors to the relationship between route-servers and peers.

6. References

6.1. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997.
[RFC4360] Sangli, S., Tappan, D. and Y. Rekhter, "BGP Extended Communities Attribute", RFC 4360, DOI 10.17487/RFC4360, February 2006.
[RFC6811] Mohapatra, P., Scudder, J., Ward, D., Bush, R. and R. Austein, "BGP Prefix Origin Validation", RFC 6811, DOI 10.17487/RFC6811, January 2013.

6.2. Informative References

[I-D.ietf-idr-ix-bgp-route-server] Jasinska, E., Hilliard, N., Raszuk, R. and N. Bakker, "Internet Exchange BGP Route Server", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-idr-ix-bgp-route-server-09, October 2015.
[I-D.ietf-sidr-origin-validation-signaling] Mohapatra, P., Patel, K., Scudder, J., Ward, D. and R. Bush, "BGP Prefix Origin Validation State Extended Community", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-sidr-origin-validation-signaling-07, November 2015.
[RFC6480] Lepinski, M. and S. Kent, "An Infrastructure to Support Secure Internet Routing", RFC 6480, DOI 10.17487/RFC6480, February 2012.

Authors' Addresses

Thomas King DE-CIX Management GmbH Lichtstrasse 43i Cologne, 50825 DE EMail: thomas.king@de-cix.net
Daniel Kopp DE-CIX Management GmbH Lichtstrasse 43i Cologne, 50825 DE EMail: daniel.kopp@de-cix.net
Aristidis Lambrianidis Amsterdam Internet Exchange Frederiksplein 42 Amsterdam, 1017 XN NL EMail: aristidis.lambrianidis@ams-ix.net
Arnaud Fenioux France-IX 88 Avenue Des Ternes Paris, 75017 FR EMail: afenioux@franceix.net