Network Working Group T. Kim
Internet-Draft B. Koo
Intended status: Informational J. Park
Expires: January 4, 2018 E. Paik
July 03, 2017

Considerations for Benchmarking Service Function Chain


Service Function Chain(SFC) is a ordered set of service functions. Packets flow restrictively at the service functions according to the order. To enable a network service, operator composes the service function chain logically. Though SFC is efficient where network/service requirements are dynamically changing, the reliability of SFC should be guaranteed. This memo describes the considerations for benchmarking SFC reliability.

Requirements Language

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

Status of This Memo

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This Internet-Draft will expire on January 4, 2018.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

As Service Function Chain(SFC) is the ordered set of service functions. It is logically defined on demand of a service. To enable the service, SDN controller set flow rules at each physical/virtual switch which belongs to the SFC. SFC is efficient where the network/service requirements are keep changing dynamically. The number of physical/virtual switches which will accept the flow rules is differ from the size of the domain or service.

As an operator perspective, at the stage of SFC creation, modification, and deletion, the reliability of SFC should always be guaranteed. To apply the change of the SFC, SDN controller will set flow rules at some switches and delete flow rules at other switches. For certain reasons such as the heavy traffic on the target switches which should accept new rules or the link failure between the target switches and the SDN controller, the new SFC may not be applied properly.

This draft memo describes considerations for benchmarking Service Function Chain reliability.

2. Scope

At the time of writing this memo, SFC standardization is now in progress. But operators and vendors are implementing SFC their own way. This memo does not target NSH enabled architecture and target general operation circumstances. The scope of SFC reliability benchmark is when the initial SFC is already provisioned and the traffic also flows over the certain SFCs, and SFC needs to be updated. Also, SFC is made over multi-domain network, which covers the whole country.

This figure is an example of the network.

                                    | SDN Controller |
                                        /         \
                                       /           \
                                      /             \
                                     /               \
                Domain A            /                 \          Domain B
    +--------------------------------+              +--------------------------------+
    |                                |              |                                |
    |  +---------+    +----------+   |              |  +---------+     +---------+   |
    |  | vSwitch |    | vSwitch  |   |              |  | pSwitch |     | vSwitch |   |
    |  +---------+    +----------+   |              |  +---------+     +---------+   |
    |                                |              |                                |
    |  +---------+    +----------+   |              |  +---------+     +---------+   |
    |  | pSwitch |    | pSwitch  |   |              |  | vSwitch |     | pSwitch |   |
    |  +---------+    +----------+   |              |  +---------+     +---------+   |
    |              ...               |              |              ...               |
    +--------------------------------+              +--------------------------------+

3. Considerations for Benchmarking SFC Reliability

This section defines and lists considerations which must be addressed to benchmark the reliability of SFC

3.1. Configuration Parameters for Benchmarking Test

This section lists the parameters affecting the SFC reliability. To apply new SFC, SDN controller set rules to the target switches. Depending on the status of the swithes and the network, the new SFC can be applied right as intended, or not. The right operation of SFC as intended includes the right time of the operation activates.

3.2. Testing Parameter Benchmarking Test

This section describes the testing parameter for Benchmark SFC Reliability. In terms of operation, the reliability of SFC is "operate the SFC in right time and at right path."

Rule Activation Time


4. Security Considerations


5. IANA Considerations

No IANA Action is requested at this time.

6. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997.
[RFC2544] Bradner, S. and J. McQuaid, "Benchmarking Methodology for Network Interconnect Devices", RFC 2544, DOI 10.17487/RFC2544, March 1999.
[RFC7665] Halpern, J. and C. Pignataro, "Service Function Chaining (SFC) Architecture", RFC 7665, DOI 10.17487/RFC7665, October 2015.

Authors' Addresses

Taekhee Kim KT Infra R&D Lab. KT 17 Woomyeon-dong, Seocho-gu Seoul, 137-792 Korea Phone: +82-2-526-6688 Fax: +82-2-526-5200 EMail:
Bummo Koo KT Infra R&D Lab. KT 17 Woomyeon-dong, Seocho-gu Seoul, 137-792 Korea Phone: +82-2-526-6688 Fax: +82-2-526-5200 EMail:
Jisu Park KT Infra R&D Lab. KT 17 Woomyeon-dong, Seocho-gu Seoul, 137-792 Korea Phone: +82-2-526-6688 Fax: +82-2-526-5200 EMail:
EunKyoung Paik KT Infra R&D Lab. KT 17 Woomyeon-dong, Seocho-gu Seoul, 137-792 Korea Phone: +82-2-526-5233 Fax: +82-2-526-5200 EMail: URI: