Global Routing Operations J. Mauch
Internet-Draft Akamai
Intended status: Standards Track J. Snijders
Expires: October 14, 2017 NTT
G. Hankins
April 12, 2017

Default EBGP Route Propagation Behavior Without Policies


This document defines the default behavior of a BGP speaker when there is no import or export policy associated with an External BGP session.

Requirements Language

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

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This Internet-Draft will expire on October 14, 2017.

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

There are BGP routing security issues that need to be addressed to make the Internet more stable. Route leaks [RFC7908] are part of the problem, but software defects or operator misconfigurations can contribute too. This document provides guidance to BGP [RFC4271] implementers to improve the default level of Internet routing security.

Many deployed BGP speakers send and accept any and all route announcements between their BGP neighbors by default. This practice dates back to the early days of the Internet, where operators were permissive in sending routing information to allow all networks to reach each other. As the Internet has become more densely interconnected, the risk of a misbehaving BGP speaker poses significant risks to Internet routing.

This specification intends to improve this situation by requiring the explicit configuration of a BGP import and export policy for any External BGP (EBGP) session such as customers, peers, or confederation boundaries for all enabled address families. When this solution is implemented, BGP speakers do not accept or send routes without policies configured on EBGP sessions.

2. Solution

The following requirements apply to all BGP speakers:

3. Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the following people for their comments, support and review: Shane Amante, Christopher Morrow, Robert Raszuk, Greg Skinner, Adam Chappell, Sriram Kotikalapudi, Brian Dickson, Jeffrey Haas, John Heasley, Ignas Bagdonas, Donald Smith, and Dale Worley.

4. Security Considerations

This document addresses a basic routing security issue caused by permissive default routing policy configurations. Operators need implementers to address this problem with more secure defaults to mitigate collateral damage on Internet routing. Inadvertent or adversarial advertisements cause business impact that can be mitigated by a secure default behavior.

5. IANA Considerations

This document has no actions for IANA.

6. Contributors

The following people contributed to successful deployment of solution described in this document:

Jakob Heitz


Ondrej Filip


7. References

7.1. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997.
[RFC4271] Rekhter, Y., Li, T. and S. Hares, "A Border Gateway Protocol 4 (BGP-4)", RFC 4271, DOI 10.17487/RFC4271, January 2006.

7.2. Informative References

[RFC7908] Sriram, K., Montgomery, D., McPherson, D., Osterweil, E. and B. Dickson, "Problem Definition and Classification of BGP Route Leaks", RFC 7908, DOI 10.17487/RFC7908, June 2016.

Authors' Addresses

Jared Mauch Akamai Technologies 8285 Reese Lane Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 US EMail:
Job Snijders NTT Communications Theodorus Majofskistraat 100 Amsterdam, 1065 SZ NL EMail:
Greg Hankins Nokia 777 E. Middlefield Road Mountain View, CA 94043 USA EMail: