IDR J. Heitz
Internet-Draft K. Patel
Intended status: Standards Track Cisco
Expires: January 9, 2017 J. Snijders
NTT
I. Bagdonas
Equinix
July 8, 2016

Large BGP Community
draft-heitz-idr-large-community-00

Abstract

A new type of BGP community attribute that contains communities that each hold a 4-octet AS number and a 6-octet opaque field is defined.

Requirements Language

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

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This Internet-Draft will expire on January 9, 2017.

Copyright Notice

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

A BGP Community attribute is defined that encodes 12 byte communities, suitable for 4-Octet Autonomous System Numbers that require a 6-Octet Local Administrator field.

The 2-octet AS Specific Extended Community defined in [RFC4360] has been widely used. 4-octet AS numbers as defined by [RFC4893] are unable to make use of this popular extended community. Subsequently, [RFC5668] defined a 4-octet AS Specific Extended community. However, to make room for the extra 2 octets of AS number, the Local Administrator field was shrunk from 4 octets to 2. This document defines a community to extend that to 6 octets.

To ensure rapid and smooth adoption of the new community attribute, it must be as similar to the extended community as possible, only bigger.

2. Large BGP Community Attribute

The Large Community Attribute is a transitive optional BGP attribute, with the Type Code (suggested 41) to be assigned by IANA. The attribute consists of a set of "Large Communities". All routes with the Large Community attribute belong to the communities listed in the attribute.

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|I| T |   Type  |   Sub-Type    |                               |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+          Value                +
|                                                               |
+                                                               +
|                                                               |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Each Large Community is encoded as a 12-octet quantity, as follows:

The fields are as shown below:

I -
IANA authority bit
Value 0:
IANA-assignable type using the "First Come First Serve" policy
Value 1:
Part of this Type Field space is for IANA assignable types using either the Standard Action or the Early IANA Allocation policy. The rest of this Type Field space is for Experimental use.

T -
Transitivity field
Value 0:
The community is transitive across all ASes.
Value 1:
The community is transitive across AS boundaries, but not across an administration boundary. An administration in this sense is an arbitrary set of connected ASes, possibly owned by a single administration. How such an administration boundary is determined is out of scope of this document.
Value 2:
The community is transitive across Confederation member AS boundaries, but not across a confederation boundary or across an AS boundary that does not use confederations.
Value 3:
The community is not transitive across any AS boundary, including Confederation Member AS.

Type -
5 bits describing how the value field is divided. One type, the 4-Octet AS Specific Large Community is described in this document.
Sub-type -
describes the meaning of the value field.
Value -
The actual information according to the sub-type.

The Transitivity field is only a hint to BGP speakers that do not implement or understand the specific community. In some cases it makes sense to send a community across one boundary but not the next. An example is the Link Bandwidth Extended Community.

The Transitivity field is not implicitly associated with the Type and Sub-Type fields the way they are in Extended Communities. The Transitivity field should be set by the originator based upon individual circumstances at the originator

3. 4-Octet AS Specific Large Community

 0                   1                   2                   3
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|0| T |        0|   Sub-Type    |    Local Administrator 2      |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                     Local Administrator 1                     |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
|                     Global Administrator                      |
+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

This is a Large Community type with a Value field comprising 10 octets.

The definition of each sub-type should specify how to set the T field. The Type field is 0. The Sub-Type is to be assigned by IANA for individual functions.

The Value field consists of 2 sub-fields:

Global Administrator sub-field: 4 octets
This sub-field contains a 4-octet Autonomous System number assigned by IANA.

Local Administrator 1 sub-field: 4 octets
Local Administrator 2 sub-field: 2 octets
The organization identified by the Autonomous System number in the Global Administrator sub-field can encode any information in these sub-fields. The format and meaning of the value encoded in these sub-fields should be defined by the sub-type of the community.

3.1. Textual Representation

The textual representation of the 4-Octet AS Specific Large Community is A:B:C, where A is the Global Administrator, B is the Local Administrator 1 and C is the Local Administrator 2. A ranges from 0 to 4294967295. B ranges from 0 to 4294967295. C ranges from 0 to 65535. A, B and C are plain decimal numbers without leading zeroes. Each number must appear, even if it is 0. For example, "0:1:2" cannot be written as ":1:2".

4. Compatibility with Extended Communities

Any 2-octet AS Specific Extended Community [RFC4360] can be converted into a 4-octet AS Specific Large Community by copying:

Notice that the Global Administrator and the Local Administrator fields in the Large community are in the reverse order compared to those in the Extended Community. This is done for better octet alignment.

If a community contains an Autonomous System Number less than 65536 and a Local Administrator 2 field of zero, then it can be represented either as a 4-Octet AS Specific Large Community or a 2-Octet AS Specific Extended Community. These communities would be treated as different, even though they hold the same information. To prevent such inconsistencies, such communities SHOULD be encoded as a 2-Octet Specific Extended Community.

Similarly, if a community contains an Autonomous System Number greater than 65535 and a Local Administrator field less than 65536, then it SHOULD be encoded as a 4-Octet AS Specific Extended Community as per [RFC5668].

5. Large Regular Communities

The AS portion of BGP Communities described in [RFC1997] is too small to fit a 4-octet ASN. [I-D.ietf-idr-as4octet-extcomm-generic-subtype] defines an Extended Community sub-type to perform the same function with a 4-octet ASN. Large Communities will provide the same functionality, but provide an extra 4 octets of Local Administrator space.

6. Security Considerations

TBD

7. IANA Considerations

IANA is requested to assign a BGP path attribute value for the Large community attribute.

IANA is requested to create and maintain a registry for the Type field of the Large Community. This document reserves the Type value 0 for the 4-Octet AS Specific Large Community.

IANA is requested to create and maintain a registry for the Sub-Type field of the 4-Octet AS Specific Large Community. The initial values in the registry should be the same as those in the registry for the 2-octet AS Specific Extended Community. These values are reproduced as follows:

0x02
Route Target [RFC4360]
0x03
Route Origin [RFC4360]
0x04
Link Bandwidth [I-D.ietf-idr-link-bandwidth]
0x05
OSPF Domain Identifier [RFC4577]
0x08
BGP Data Collection [RFC4384]
0x09
Source AS [RFC6514]
0x0a
L2VPN Identifier [RFC6074]
0x10
Cisco VPN-Distinguisher [Eric_Rosen]
0x80
Virtual-Network Identifier Extended Community [I-D.drao-bgp-l3vpn-virtual-network-overlays]

As the generic sub-type defined in [I-D.ietf-idr-as4octet-extcomm-generic-subtype] is 4 and clashes with the value for the Link Bandwidth, IANA is requested to assign a new value.

8. Acknowledgements

Thanks to Russ White, Acee Lindem and Shyam Sethuram for insightful review and comments.

9. References

9.1. Normative References

[I-D.ietf-idr-as4octet-extcomm-generic-subtype] Rao, D., Mohapatra, P. and J. Haas, "Generic Subtype for BGP Four-octet AS specific extended community", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-idr-as4octet-extcomm-generic-subtype-08, June 2015.
[RFC1997] Chandra, R., Traina, P. and T. Li, "BGP Communities Attribute", RFC 1997, DOI 10.17487/RFC1997, August 1996.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997.
[RFC4360] Sangli, S., Tappan, D. and Y. Rekhter, "BGP Extended Communities Attribute", RFC 4360, DOI 10.17487/RFC4360, February 2006.
[RFC4893] Vohra, Q. and E. Chen, "BGP Support for Four-octet AS Number Space", RFC 4893, DOI 10.17487/RFC4893, May 2007.
[RFC5668] Rekhter, Y., Sangli, S. and D. Tappan, "4-Octet AS Specific BGP Extended Community", RFC 5668, DOI 10.17487/RFC5668, October 2009.

9.2. Informative References

[I-D.drao-bgp-l3vpn-virtual-network-overlays] Rao, D., Mullooly, J. and R. Fernando, "Layer-3 virtual network overlays based on BGP Layer-3 VPNs", Internet-Draft draft-drao-bgp-l3vpn-virtual-network-overlays-03, July 2014.
[I-D.ietf-idr-link-bandwidth] Mohapatra, P. and R. Fernando, "BGP Link Bandwidth Extended Community", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-idr-link-bandwidth-06, January 2013.
[RFC4384] Meyer, D., "BGP Communities for Data Collection", BCP 114, RFC 4384, DOI 10.17487/RFC4384, February 2006.
[RFC4577] Rosen, E., Psenak, P. and P. Pillay-Esnault, "OSPF as the Provider/Customer Edge Protocol for BGP/MPLS IP Virtual Private Networks (VPNs)", RFC 4577, DOI 10.17487/RFC4577, June 2006.
[RFC6074] Rosen, E., Davie, B., Radoaca, V. and W. Luo, "Provisioning, Auto-Discovery, and Signaling in Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks (L2VPNs)", RFC 6074, DOI 10.17487/RFC6074, January 2011.
[RFC6514] Aggarwal, R., Rosen, E., Morin, T. and Y. Rekhter, "BGP Encodings and Procedures for Multicast in MPLS/BGP IP VPNs", RFC 6514, DOI 10.17487/RFC6514, February 2012.

Authors' Addresses

Jakob Heitz Cisco 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA, CA 95054 USA EMail: jheitz@cisco.com
Keyur Patel Cisco 170 West Tasman Drive San Jose, CA 95054 USA EMail: keyupate@cisco.com
Job Snijders NTT Communications, Inc. Theodorus Majofskistraat 100 Amsterdam, 1065 SZ NL EMail: job@ntt.net
Ignas Bagdonas Equinix London, UK EMail: ibagdona.ietf@gmail.com